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Common Causes of Reading Problems

Last updated 7 years ago

Ongoing research has revealed that children and adults who exhibit persistent difficulties with reading and comprehension skills commonly suffer from some form of reading disorder. A reading disorder can affect a person’s ability to decode, comprehend, and retain information from a piece of text.Take a look below to learn about some of the most common causes of reading disorders and how they work:

  • Dyslexia

According to PBS statistics, dyslexia affects as much as 15 percent of all Americans.Contrary to popular belief, dyslexia doesn’t simply involve mere word or letter reversals, but it consists of a variety of difficulties in decoding and comprehending text.Dyslexia is generally more common in boys than in girls, and it can either be hereditary or developmental.It can usually be overcome through specialized reading tutoring and alternative learning strategies.


  • ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, is a biologically influenced behavioral condition that commonly manifests itself during childhood, though it can also affect teenagers and adults.ADHD statistics from the U.S. Center for Disease Control indicates that it is much more common in boys than in girls.ADHD may be treated with some medications, but educational adjustments and a custom literacy program may be necessary to facilitate better reading skills.

  • Environment

Research from Yale University suggests that reading disorders are generally either hereditary or environmentally influenced.Whereas hereditary disorders can be overcome through specialized reading tutoring, their evidence shows that prolonged, untreated reading disorders may have an adverse impact on the neural pathways in the brain. Through a comprehensive literacy program, the brain can develop effective alternative neural pathways to become a stronger reader at any age. However, early intervention in childhood can develop a child’s reading abilities more quickly and set the child on the path of enjoying reading for their whole life.


Our literacy and reading specialists at The Literacy and Language Center of San Francisco have the knowledge, experience, and resources to address a wide range of reading and learning disabilities.With more than 15 years of clinical and educational experience, we can develop a customized reading tutoring program to meet all of your needs.Learn more about our literacy program and call (415) 242-1205 or visit us online today for more information.


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